01/15/19 02:47 AM EST
$10 billion deal for Goldcorp intensifies consolidation wave as gold supply dwindles
By Alistair MacDonald and Jacquie McNish
This article is being republished as part of our
daily reproduction of WSJ.com articles that also appeared in the U.S.
print edition of The Wall Street Journal (January 15, 2019).
Newmont Mining Corp. agreed to buy rival Canadian
gold producer Goldcorp Inc. in a $10 billion, all-stock deal, creating
the world’s largest gold miner.
The deal intensifies a consolidation wave
triggered in part by languishing prices and dwindling supplies of
easy-to-find gold, and comes on the heels of another gold-mining
blockbuster: Barrick Gold Corp.’s agreement in September to buy Randgold
Resources for $6 billion in an all-share merger.
If Newmont consummates the Goldcorp deal, the new
company, set to be based in Denver, will surpass Toronto-headquartered
Barrick — its longtime rival — in production, a key industry metric.
Newmont and Barrick have circled each other for years and had toyed with
a combination of their own in 2014.
Newmont, the U.S.’s largest miner measured by
market capitalization, said it would acquire each Goldcorp share for
0.328 of its own stock. That represents a 17% premium to the Canadian
company’s 20-day volume weighted average share prices.
The depletion of high-grade global gold reserves,
and the resulting increase in extraction costs, has pushed miners to
seek cost efficiencies and to buy other companies’ to land their
Such moves have become more pressing because
exploration for new reserves has slowed dramatically after gold prices
fell following a boom that peaked in 2001.
Newmont and Goldcorp, though, said they have continued to invest in exploration as others have cut back.
“We are not having to scramble for growth. We have
it inherent in our existing business,” David Garofalo, Goldcorp’s chief
executive, said in an interview. The new company will be headed by Gary
Goldberg, the CEO of Newmont, until he retires around the fourth
quarter of 2019.
Goldcorp’s share price rose 7.12% Monday, while Newmont’s closed nearly 9% lower.
Newmont said the combined company’s assets will be
mostly based in the Americas, with 75% of its resources there. Another
15% will be based in Australia, with 10% in Ghana. That is in contrast
to Barrick, which bet big on more politically risky African assets in
its deal with Randgold.
In recent years big miners of other metals have
gravitated toward deposits in more stable territories. The Goldcorp
assets are in better locations, said John Meyer, an analyst at SP Angel
As part of its combination plan, Newmont said it
would sell $1 billion to $1.5 billion in assets over the next two years,
with the aim of eventually producing a “sustainable, steady-state
level” of six to seven million troy ounces of gold a year, after those
Newmont and Goldcorp produced a combined 7.9
million troy ounces in 2017, the most recent annual figures available.
That production — at least for now — would cause the combined company
to leapfrog past Barrick, which has struggled with declining output.
Barrick was the undisputed king of gold production
until recently, but its output has fallen more than 25% since 2013, to
5.3 million troy ounces at the end of 2017 — about the same as Newmont.
Its acquisition of Randgold added about 1.3 million troy ounces as of
the end of 2017.
Newmont traces its roots to 1916. It was founded
by William Boyce Thompson, who grew up in Montana but earned his wealth
in New York. Goldcorp dates to just 1994.
Gold companies have long signaled a need to
consolidate. Apart from giants like Newmont and Barrick, the sector is
filled with many smaller miners, all fighting over investors’ dollars.
Gold prices, meanwhile, have languished. They are
down about 30% from their 2011 peak. In recent years, they have traded
flat, capped in particular by rising U.S. interest rates.
In times of slow but steadily rising rates — like
today — many see the yellow metal less favorably, stacked up against
ultrasafe securities, like U.S. Treasurys, whose yields are rising.
Miners have also had to contend recently with the depletion of easy-to-reach high-grade gold deposits in stable jurisdictions.
The struggle for fresh reserves is more
challenging for gold producers than miners of some other, more plentiful
metals. Gold is present in the Earth’s crust in much smaller quantities
than many of the most commonly mined materials. All the gold ever mined
from the earth could fit in a 60-foot cube.
Discoveries have tapered off. Just 215.5 million
troy ounces of gold has been found in 41 discoveries in the 10 years to
2017, compared with 1,726 million troy ounces in 222 discoveries in the
preceding 18 years, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence.
There were no discoveries made in 2017, according to S&P.
“Newmont was one of the few companies to focus on
exploration during the last downturn,” said Mr. Goldberg, adding that
the new company has 31 exploration sites.
Even in Nevada, where around three quarters of all
U.S. gold production is based, discoveries have fallen swiftly. Nevada
produced 5.6 million troy ounces of gold in 2017, well below the 1998
peak of 8.9 million troy ounces, according to John Muntean, an associate
professor of mines and geology at the University of Nevada.
Goldcorp has been looking for a partner for at
least several years, and had held talks with Australia’s Newcrest Mining
Ltd. among others, according to people familiar with those discussions.
Mr. Garofalo declined to comment and Newcrest couldn’t be reached for comment.
Once a darling of the gold sector, Goldcorp’s share price has fallen around 75% from its 2011 peak.
Goldcorp’s poor performance has attracted more
than one suitor in recent years. Barrick made takeover overtures about
three years ago but was rebuffed, one person familiar with the matter
“Long-term Goldcorp investors may be disappointed,
even with the 17% premium offered, as the company’s long promised (and
long delayed) recovery was supposed to begin this year,” JPMorgan said
in a research note.
Newmont, meanwhile, was close to merging with
Barrick in 2014, during a period when gold prices were plummeting. That
deal fell apart due to tensions between the two companies about their
The recent mega-mergers could trigger additional
deals as investors pressure gold miners to boost returns as they push
into higher-risk regions to develop and operate new mines.
“There are too many players in an industry with
shrinking opportunities, ” said Sean Boyd, CEO of Toronto-based Agnico
Eagle Mines Ltd.
Write to Alistair MacDonald at firstname.lastname@example.org and Jacquie McNish at Jacquie.McNish@wsj.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
January 15, 2019 02:47 ET (07:47 GMT)
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